A Speech and Language Therapist (SALT) is qualified to work with children, young people and adults who’ve some form of communication disorder. It is usually thought that a Speech and Language Therapist is just able to help with precise speech production problems, but actually the range of providers is much wider.
What does a Speech and Language Therapist do?
A therapist working with children and younger people will initially assess each comprehension (understanding of language) and expressive language (how language is used).
The Therapist will take a look at numerous areas where difficulties may happen together with:
* Vocabulary – types of words corresponding to nouns (naming words), verbs (actions) and prepositions (in, on, below etc.)
* Understanding language structures similar to following instructions – eg. “brush dolly’s hair”, “give me the yellow pencil”
Spoken language could also be assessed for the next:
* Speech sounds – usually termed phonology. The child or younger individual could not have certain speech sounds of their vocabulary, or might use them inappropriately eg. “dog” becomes “dod” (termed fronting) or “glove” becomes “glub” (termed stopping)
* Articulation difficulties – the production of speech sounds could also be tough, probably because of a physical downside corresponding to cleft lip/palate or poor dentition or perhaps a co-orindation drawback – Dyspraxia
* Fluency – is there any proof of dysfluency (stammering) or common hesitancy in speech
What can be finished if the child/young particular person has little or no speech?
Language is just not solely the spoken word but can embody speaking by varied various methods. Some of the more frequent methods are:
* Image systems – a easy line drawing is used to symbolize an object or idea eg. Makaton, Rebus, Mayer Johnson
* Footage/picture systems – precise photos or photos are used to indicate objects, actions etc.
* Signing programs – embrace British Sign Language (BSL) and Makaton. These methods use manual signs to convey that means
* Eye pointing – by utilizing a special board with symbols or photos, it’s possible for a mum or dad or carer to interpret what the child/younger particular person needs to speak by following their eye gaze until it stops at the merchandise they want. This will be useful for children or young individuals who have physical difficulties and no speech.
* Communication aids – these can range from easy image boards to complicated computers with voice synthesizers
What different elements of communication are assessed?
Other areas which Speech and Language Therapists would possibly look at and which underpin communication are:
Listening and a spotlight expertise/concentration – can the child or younger person attend to a activity? To not be confused with a listening to impairment – the child or younger individual could hear what is claimed however can not concentrate sufficiently to process the data
Play and imagination – can the child play alone, alongside others (parallel play) or participate in group play? Is imaginative play present ? eg. putting doll to bed, faux tea parties
Social communication – can the child or young particular person interact with others? Do they understand the principles of conversation, similar to flip taking, repairing conversations, keeping on subject and acceptable greetings?
Functional use of language – can the child/young individual use whatever system of communication is appropriate to them to make choices, comment on events, query or refuse?
Behaviour – an incapacity to communicate might be very frustrating for the child/young particular person and should lead to agitated or difficult behaviour patterns.
How does the Speech and Language Therapist perform the assessment?
The Speech and Language Therapist will take a look at all areas in which the child/young person is experiencing difficulty.
* This could embrace statement or direct working with them in numerous settings, reminiscent of the house, school or college.
* Liaison with individuals who come into frequent contact with the child/younger person can be very important. As well as parents, lecturers, carers, other health professionals etc. may be consulted.
What happens after evaluation?
After an intensive evaluation, remedy options are discussed which could embody one or more of the next options:
– Direct therapy – the therapist working with the child/young individual on a 1:1 foundation
– Indirect therapy – a programme of labor is carried out by a named person eg father or mother, carer, teaching assistant under the guidance of a Speech and Language Therapist who displays progress and reviews the programme as obligatory
– Changes to communicative surroundings eg. ensuring an acceptable symbols system is used in the house/classroom etc., advising on effective communication and training employees easy methods to use various strategies of communication
Is the Speech and Queens Orton Gillingham tutors NY Language Therapist qualified?
All Speech and Language Therapists will have undertaken a 3 or four yr degree course at university. Some therapists might have completed a submit graduate course after following a previous degree. Candidates require three A ranges to enter the course, though mature students could also be accepted with equivalent qualifications.